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2019版精品课件——浙江版英语
├─第一部分 语法知识
│├─专题一 名词、代词、冠词
││Thumbs.db
││专题一 名词、代词、冠词.docx
││专题一 名词、代词、冠词.pptx
│├─专题二 介词和动词短语
││专题二 介词和动词短语.docx
││专题二 介词和动词短语.pptx
│├─专题六 并列句、复合句
││专题六 并列句、复合句.docx
││专题六 并列句、复合句.pptx
│├─专题七 特殊句式
││专题七 特殊句式.docx
││专题七 特殊句式.pptx
│├─专题三 形容词和副词
││专题三 形容词和副词.docx
││专题三 形容词和副词.pptx
│├─专题四 谓语动词
││专题四 谓语动词.docx
││专题四 谓语动词.pptx
│└─专题五 非谓语动词
│专题五 非谓语动词.docx
│专题五 非谓语动词.pptx
├─第二部分 语篇型填空
│└─专题八 语篇型填空
│专题八 语篇型填空.docx
│专题八 语篇型填空.pptx
├─第三部分 阅读理解
│├─专题九 事实细节
││专题九 事实细节.docx
││专题九 事实细节.pptx
│├─专题十 主旨大意
││专题十 主旨大意.docx
││专题十 主旨大意.pptx
│├─专题十二 猜测词义
││专题十二 猜测词义.docx
││专题十二 猜测词义.pptx
│├─专题十三 阅读补全(七选五)
││专题十三 阅读补全(七选五).docx
││专题十三 阅读补全(七选五).pptx
│└─专题十一 推理判断
│专题十一 推理判断.docx
│专题十一 推理判断.pptx
├─第四部分 完形填空
│└─专题十四 完形填空
│专题十四 完形填空.docx
│专题十四 完形填空.pptx
└─第五部分 写作
├─专题十七 概要写作
│专题十七 概要写作.docx
│专题十七 概要写作.pptx
├─专题十六 读后续写
│专题十六 读后续写.docx
│专题十六 读后续写.pptx
└─专题十五 应用文写作
专题十五 应用文写作.docx
专题十五 应用文写作.pptx
  第二部分 语篇型填空
  专题八 语篇型填空
  【考纲解读】
  考点 内容 2016—2017年浙江高考语篇型填空考次统计
  2017.11 2017.6 2016.10
  名词 1.名词和动词、形容词等不同词性之间的转换
  2.名词的单数和复数的应用 1 1 2
  代词 1.不定代词 2.物主代词 3.指示代词
  4.人称代词 5.疑问代词 6.反身代词
  7.it的用法 1 1 0
  冠词 1.定冠词的用法
  2.不定冠词的用法
  3.零冠词的用法 1 1 0
  介词 1.表示方位、时间、工具、手段、方式、原因等介词的基本用法
  2.常用介词短语的用法 1 0 2
  动词短语 常用动词短语的用法 0 0 0
  形容词 1.形容词在句子中的作用
  2.形容词的基本用法、形容词比较级和最高级的构成规则及形容词的构词法 1 1 0
  副词 1.副词在句子中的作用
  2.副词的基本用法、副词的比较级和最高级的构成规则及副词的构词法 1 1 1
  时态、
  语态及
  主谓一致 1.一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时、过去完成时、过去将来时、将来进行时、现在完成进行时及前七种时态的被动语态
  2.主谓一致:语法一致、意义一致、就近一致 1 2 1
  情态动词
  和虚拟
  语气 1.情态动词的用法
  2.虚拟语气在非真实条件句、名词性从句和其他句型中的用法 0 0 0
  非谓语
  动词作
  状语 1.不定式作状语
  2.分词作状语
  3.独立成分作状语
  4.独立主格结构作状语 1 1 1
  非谓语
  动词作
  定语 1.不定式作定语
  2.动名词作定语
  3.分词作定语 1 0 1
  非谓语
  动词作
  主语、
  表语、
  宾语、
  补语 1.不定式和动名词作主语
  2.不定式和动名词作宾语
  3.不定式、分词和动名词作表语
  4.不定式和分词作补语 0 0 1
  并列句 表示并列、递进、选择、转折、因果关系等的并列句 0 0 0
  定语从句 关系代词引导的定语从句;关系副词引导的定语从句 1 1 0
  名词性
  从句 1.主语从句
  2.宾语从句
  3.表语从句
  4.同位语从句 0 0 0
  状语从句 时间、地点、原因、方式、结果、让步、目的、比较等状语从句 0 1 1
  倒装句 1.完全倒装
  2.部分倒装
  3.形式倒装 0 0 0
  强调句 1.It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他成分
  2.助动词do/does/did进行强调 0 0 0
  其他特
  殊句式 1.省略与替代
  2.祈使句
  3.感叹句
  4.there be句型
  5.反意疑问句 0 0 0
  分析解读
  1.语篇型填空的考查方式是提供一篇200词左右的短文,其中留出10个空格,要求考生填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。该题可能涉及几乎所有的语法知识点,同时语法知识点和句子结合大大提高了语法的实用效果。
  2.文章的难度一般比较适中,符合高中学生的阅读水平。
  3.考查形式分为给出提示词和不给出提示词两种。①给出提示词的包括:词性的转换(名词与动词的转换,名词和形容词的转换,形容词与副词的转换等);形容词比较级与最高级的变化;名词单复数的变化;动词的时态、语态及非谓语动词等;②不给出提示词的包括:根据上下文的语境填入冠词、并列连词、代词、介词、引导词等。
  4.挖空一般比较均匀,所要填空的地方不会影响学生对短文的理解。
  5.倒装、强调等特殊句式的考查一般结合在其他的语法项目中进行,很少单独直接考查。
  【命题探究】
  (2017浙江11月)
  Easy Ways to Build Vocabulary
  It􀆳s not all that hard to build an advanced and large vocabulary. Like many things in life, it􀆳s  1  ongoing process, and the best part of the process is that there􀆳s enough room for improvement,  2  means you􀆳ll just keep getting better and better. Of course you have to work at it. You wouldn􀆳t think that a few  3  (month) of exercise in your teens would be enough  4  the rest of your life, and that􀆳s also true for building your vocabulary—you have to keep at it daily, and pretty soon you will find that you have an excellent vocabulary.
  命题方法
  1.根据上下文的语境填入一个合适的单词。该类空可以填入冠词(如空1),介词(如空4),并列连词,引导词(如空2),有时候可以是代词。
  2.根据所给的名词填入复数形式(如空3)。这类空一般都是给单数名词,要求填入名词的复数形式。因此,实际上考查的就是对名词复数形式的掌握情况。
  3.词类转换。词类转换可以是名词和形容词之间的转换(如空5),形容词和副词的转换(如空6),代词之间的转换(如空9)。词类转换还有很多,如名词和动词之间的转换,动词和形容词之间的转换等。
  4.用所给动词的正确时态和语态填空(如空7)。
  5.用所给单词适当的非谓语动词形式填空(如空10)。
  6.根据语境填入所给形容词或副词的正确等级。
  解题指导
  1.理解文章,尤其上下文相关的句子是解题关键。语篇型填空将语法结合句子进行考查,每空都要根据上下文的语境来判断,而不是简单的语法填空,因此首先要看懂,理解相关的意群。
  第三部分 阅读理解
  专题九 事实细节
  【考纲解读】
  考点 内容 考查方式 2016—2017年浙江高考事实细节考次统计
  2017.11 2017.6 2016.10
  事实细节 考纲要求考生能够根据文章的具体细节内容做出正确的理解和选择 在阅读理解中以单项选择的方式考查 3 5 4
  分析解读
  事实细节题考查学生对文章的某一特定的表层信息的理解和判断,基本属于对信息的发现和选择。要求考生既能理解具体的事实,也能理解抽象的概念,且能理解某句、某段的意义。命题者设置的题目有时比较直接,理解字面意思即可作答;有时则比较间接,需要概括、比较、计算等才能作答。
  【命题探究】
  (2017浙江11月,C)
  There are energy savings to be made from all recyclable materials, sometimes huge savings. Recycling plastics and aluminum, for instance, uses only 5% to 10% as much energy as producing new plastic or smelting(提炼) aluminum.
  Long before most of us even noticed what we now call “the environment”, Buckminster Fuller said, “Pollution is nothing but the resources(资源) we are not harvesting. We allow them to be left around because we􀆳ve been ignorant of their value.” To take one example, let􀆳s compare the throwaway economy(经济) with a recycling economy as we feed a cat for life.
  Say your cat weighs 5kg and eats one can of food each day. Each empty can of its food weighs 40g. In a throwaway economy, you would throw away 5,475 cans over the cat􀆳s 15-year lifetime. That􀆳s 219kg of steel—more than a fifth of a ton and more than 40 times the cat􀆳s weight.
  In a recycling economy, we would make one set of 100 cans to start with, then replace them over and over again with recycled cans. Since almost 3% of the metal is lost during reprocessing, we􀆳d have to make an extra 10 cans each year. But in all, only 150 cans will be used up over the cat􀆳s lifetime—and we􀆳ll still have 100 left over for the next cat.
  Instead of using up 219kg of steel, we􀆳ve used only 6kg. And because the process of recycling steel is less polluting than making new steel, we􀆳ve also achieved the following significant savings: in energy use—47% to 74%; in air pollution—85%; in water pollution—35%; in water use—40%.
  1.What does Buckminster Fuller say about pollution?
  A.It is becoming more serious.
  B.It destroys the environment.
  C.It benefits the economy.
  D.It is the resources yet to be used.
  2.How many cans will be used up in a cat􀆳s 15-year lifetime in a recycling economy?
  A.50. B.100. C.150. D.250.
  答案
  1.D 2.C
  命题方法
  1.语义总结。如第1题,设题为“What does Buckminster Fuller say about pollution?”就是要求考生对某人所说的话进行语义的归纳和总结。
  2.数字辨别或简单计算。如第2题,设题主干是“How many cans will be used up in a cat􀆳s 15-year lifetime in a recycling economy?”就是对其中的数字进行辨别或简单计算。
  3.具体信息获取。事实细节题有很多题目就是考查对特定的数字的获取,如“When did the boy get to the station?” 这样的题目都是要求考生从文章中寻找具体的信息。
  解题指导
  1.阅读要仔细。很多事实细节题设题都是文章中的一些小的细节,如果阅读不细致,就会忽略,没有发现信息,那么就会给解题造成很大的障碍。
  2.特别注意主体定位。很多信息题都涉及某个人,或某个时间,地点,事件。解题时要对这些主体信息非常清楚。如第1题,主干中涉及“Buckminster Fuller say”,因此,解题时要快速定位此信息,就会很快发现答案。
  3.仔细甄别,排除干扰信息。如第2题是数字判断。而原文中出现了多个数字,但最关键的一句是“But in all, only 150 cans will be used up over the cat􀆳s lifetime”。所以在解题时,我们要认真阅读文章,仔细甄别,排除干扰信息。
  命题规律
  事实细节题是阅读理解题目中最基础的题型。设题比较简单,主要是特定信息获取。只要认真阅读文章,读懂文章,解题并不难。
  【五年高考】
  第一组 记叙文
  Passage 1(2016课标全国Ⅰ,B)词数:292
  Grandparents Answer a Call
  As a third-generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never planned to move away. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help with their children, she politely refused. Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms. Garza finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move as a success, giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.
  No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to adult children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama􀆳s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and move into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study by grandparents.com, 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson􀆳s decision will influence grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama􀆳s family.
  “In the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn􀆳t get away from home far enough or fast enough to prove we could do it on our own,”says Christine Crosby, publisher of Grand, a magazine for grandparents. “We now realize how important family is and how important it is to be near them, especially when you􀆳re raising children.”
  Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the
  专题十 主旨大意
  【考纲解读】
  考点 内容 考查方式 2016—2017年浙江高考主旨大意题考次统计
  2017.11 2017.6 2016.10
  主旨大意 考纲要求考生能够理解文章或某段落的主要内容,能归纳文章要点,概括中心思想 在阅读理解中以单项选择的方式考查 3 1 0
  分析解读
  主旨大意题主要考查考生理解文章或特定的段落、概括大意的能力。它不仅考查考生的文章理解能力,也考查在理解文字的基础上的归纳、概括能力。
  【命题探究】
  例1
  (2017浙江11月,B) It􀆳s surprising how much simple movements of the body can affect the way we thinsing expansive gestures with open arms mas feel more powerful, crossing your arms ma more determined and lying down can bring more insights(领悟).
  So if moving the body can have these effects, what about the clothes we wear? We􀆳re all well aware of how dressing up in different ways can mas feel more attractive, sporty or professional, depending on the clothes we wear, but can the clothes actually change cognitive (认知的) performance or is it just a feeling?
  Adam and Galinsky tested the effect of simply wearing a white lab coat on people􀆳s powers of attention. The idea is that white coats are associated with scientists, who are in turn thought to have close attention to detail.What they found was that people wearing white coats performed better than those who weren􀆳t. Indeed, they made only half as many errors as those wearing their own clothes on the Stroop Test (one way of measuring attention). The researchers call the effect “enclothed cognition,” suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many different ways.
  This opens the way for all sorts of clothes-based experiments. Is the writer who wears a fedora more creative? Is the psychologist wearing little round glasses and smoking a cigar more insightful? Does a chef􀆳s hat make the resultant food taste better?
  From now on I will only be editing articles for PsyBlog while wearing a white coat to help keep the typing error count low. Hopefully you will be doing your part by reading PsyBlog in a cap and gown(学位服).
  What is the main idea of the text?
  A.Body movements change the way people think.
  B.How people dress has an influence on their feelings.
  C.What people wear can affect their cognitive performance.
  D.People doing different jobs should wear different clothes.
  命题方法
  总结文章的主旨或中心思想,如例1。这类题目的题干经常会是:What is the main idea of the text? What is the text mainly about? 等。在选项的设置中,其中一项是正确的文章大意,如本题C项。干扰项中,其中有的选项可能是主题词错误,如本题A项和B项。A的主语是body movements而非本文的主旨“衣服穿着”。而B 项对象错误,其宾语是feelings而非recognition。而有的选项则是完全偏离文章的主旨,如D项。
  解题指导
  1.阅读时关注整个文章,特别注意高频词。如本文中,高频词是“people wear” “their cognitive”。高频词对总结文章的主旨有非常重要的指导性。
  2.把握文章的结构和各段的段意。如果读完文章,对文章主旨不是很有把握,那么可以进一步明确文章的结构,对每一段的段意细化。如果各段的段意明确了,而且文章的结构也清楚了,那么对归纳整个文章的主旨就比较容易了。
  【例2】
  (2017课标全国Ⅲ,D)The Intelligent Transport team at Newcastle University have turned an electric car into a mobile laboratory named “DriveLAB” in order to understand the challenges faced by older drivers and to discover where the key stress points are.
  Research shows that giving up driving is one of the key reasons for a fall in health and well-being among older people, leading to them becoming more isolated(隔绝) and inactive.
  Led by Professor Phil Blythe, the Newcastle team are developing in-vehicle technologies for older drivers which they hope could help them to continue driving into later life.
  These include custom-made navigation(导航) tools, night vision systems and intelligent speed adaptations. Phil Blythe explains:“For many older people, particularly those living alone or in the country, driving is important for preserving their independence, giving them the freedom to get out and about without having to rely on others.”
  “But we all have to accept that as we get older our reactions slow down and this often results in people avoiding any potentially challenging driving conditions and losing confidence in their driving skills. The result is that people stop driving before they really need to.”
  Dr Amy Guo, the leading researcher on the older driver study, explains: “The DriveLAB is helping us to understand what the key stress points and difficulties are for older drivers and how we might use technology to address these problems.”
  “For example, most of us would expect older drivers always go slower than everyone else but surprisingly, we found that in 30mph zones they struggled to keep at a constant speed and so were more likely to break the speed limit and be at risk of getting fined. We􀆳re looking at the benefits of systems which control their speed as a way of preventing that.”
  “We hope that our work will help with technological solutions(解决方案) to ensure that older drivers stay safer behind the wheel.”
  What is the best title for the text?
  A.A New Model Electric Car
  B.A Solution to Traffic Problems
  C.Driving Services for Elders
  D.Keeping Older Drivers on the Road
  命题方法
  1.概括文章的标题,如例2。这类题目的设题主干通常都是What is the best title for the text?。其设题思路都是四个选项中有一个选项包含了文章的最关键的核心词。如例2,其文章的中心就是研究人员为了理解老年司机面临的生活挑战和压力而进行的一项研究。他们想通过研究,找到一套切实可行的技术方案,以延长老年人的开车时间,确保他们的开车安全。所以,其核心词就是“老人”和“开车 ”,因此D项正确。其他选项或者核心词不全,如A和C,只有其中一项关键词;或者信息完全偏离,如B项。
  2.总结某一段落的中心思想。此类设题方式和总结文章的主旨和中心思想设题方法一致,只是它只关注文章的一段,而不是整个文章。
  解题指导
  对于best title的题目,解题的最佳方法是检查选项中的主要词汇是否是文章的核心词,是否包含了文章最关键的核心词。如本题,其关键词就是“老人”和“开车 ”,因此选择C。
  命题规律
  主旨大意题命题比较稳定,一般一套题目中出现1~2个。其设题的方式基本在main idea和best title 之间轮换进行。

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