Module 4 Fine Arts Western Chinese and Pop ArtsSection Ⅰ Introduction & Reading Pre-reading
  MonaLisa is a 16th-century portrait painted by Leonardo da Vinci during the Italian Renaissance (文艺复兴), which now is under the care ofLouvre in Paris. It is perhaps the most famous painting in the world. But who was the heroine and what is the story behind the mysterious smile?
  Its identity remains uncertain.Some researchers say that she was the widowed (寡居的) Duchess of Milan. Others say it is possible thatshe was Mona Lisa Gherardini, the third wife of the wealthy silk merchant Francesco.
  The smile of Mona Lisa haskept people guessing. Someone says that the smile originated (起源,发端) from Leonardo da Vinci’s mother, Caterina. Others say the smile is quite simple because women were taught to smile so as toadd an air of mystery and elegance at that time. The truth is that this style of smile was not invented by Leonardo da Vinci. It can be found in a number of sculptures (雕塑) from the 15th century.
  No one knows the truth behind this famous painting except Leonardo da Vinci himself, but people are so fond of it and would enjoy guessing.
  In fact, there are many fine art forms in western countries and China as well. It’sthese fine arts and pop arts thatmar life colourful. Now let’s step intothis module to learn more about them.
  Section_Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-reading
  [原文呈现] [读文清障]
  This is a painting① by the Spanish artist②, Pablo Picasso, considered to be the greatest western artist of the twentieth century③. Picasso and another painter④, George Braque, started Cubism, one of  the most important of all modern art movements⑤. Cubist artists painted objects and people, with different aspects of the object or person showing⑥ at the same time⑦.
  This painting by contemporary⑧ American artist Roy Lichtenstein(1923-1997) is a world famous example of pop art⑨. Pop art(from the word “popular”) was an important modern art movement that aimed⑩ to show ordinary⑪ twentieth-century city life. For example, it shows things such as⑫ soup cans⑬ and advertisements.
  Qi Baishi(1863-1957), one of China’s greatest painters, followed⑭ thetraditional⑮ Chinesestyle⑯ of painting. Chinese painting is known for⑰ its brush drawings⑱ in black inks⑲ and natural⑳ colours. Qi Baishi observed○21 the world of nature very carefully, and his paintings are special because of○22 this.
  ③considered ...为过去分词短语作后置定语。
  ⑤art movements 艺术流派
  one of ...为Cubism的同位语。
  with ... showing为with复合结构。
  ⑦at the same time 同时
  ⑨pop art 波普艺术,是一个重要的画派。
  aim to do sth./aim at (doing ) sth. 意欲作某事
  ⑪ordinary adj.普通的,平常的
  ⑫such as 例如,诸如
  ⑬can n.罐头
  ⑭follow vt.遵循
  ⑰be known for 以……闻名
  ⑲in black ink 用黑墨
  ⑳natural adj.自然的;天然的
  ○22because of 因为,由于
  Module 4 Fine Arts Western Chinese and Pop ArtsSection Ⅱ Introduction & Reading Language Points
  记得准•写得对 记得快•记得多
  1.scenen.       景色;风景
  2.aspectn.  方面
  3.observevt.  观察;注意到
  4.stylen.  风格
  5.aimvi.  以……为目标;打算;意欲
  6.standvt.  忍受
  1.artistn.艺术家→art n.艺术
  2.colourfuladj.彩色的→colour n.颜色
  3.delightfuladj.令人愉快的;可爱的→delight n.&vt.高兴;愉快;使高兴→delighted adj.感到高兴的
  4.drawingn.图画→draw v.画画;素描
  5.paintvt.绘画;(用颜料)画→paintingn.绘画;油画→paintern. 画家
  6.traditionaladj.传统的;习俗的→tradition n.传统
  7.imitatevt.临摹;仿造;模仿;仿效→imitation n.模仿;仿制品
  8.realityn.真实;现实;逼真→real adj.真实的
  9.unusualadj.不寻常的;非凡的→usual adj.通常的;平常的 1.contemporary adj.当代的
  [联想] ①ancient adj.古代的 ②modern adj.现代的
  2.alive adj.  有活力的;有生气的
  [联想] ①live adj.     活的;现场直播的
  ②living adj.  活的,健在的;现代的
  ③lively adj.  活泼的;生动的
  [联想] 识记a-前缀表语形容词
  ①asleep睡着的  ②awake醒着的
  ③afraid害怕的  ④alone单独的
  3.traditional adj.传统的;习俗的
  [联想] 后缀-al形容词荟萃
  ①central  中心的,中央的
  ②personal  个人的,私人的
  ③social  社会的;社交的
  ④national  国家的,全国性的,民族的
  ⑤natural  自然的
  4.stand vt.忍受,容忍
  [同义] bear, endure, tolerate, put up with
  记牢固定短语 多积常用词块
  1.be_interested_in     对……感兴趣
  2.thint  考虑
  3.because_of  因为
  4.be/get_tired_of  对……厌烦
  5.be_crazy_about  对……狂热,热衷于……
  6.be_fond_of  爱好;喜欢;喜爱
  7.develop_an_interest_in  对……产生兴趣
  8.tell_by  从……可以看出 1.art gallery            美术馆
  2.art movements  艺术流派
  3.full of life  充满活力
  4.at the same time  同时
  5.traditional Chinese style of painting  传统的中国绘画风格
  6.brush and ink  笔墨
  7.in black ink  用黑墨
  8.all the time  总是,一直
  先背熟 再悟通 后仿用
  1.This is a painting by the Spanish artist, Pablo Picasso, considered to be the greatest western artist of the twentieth century.
  这是西班牙画家巴勃罗•毕加索的一幅油画,他被认为是20世纪西方最伟大的艺术家。 过去分词短语作后置定语。 This is the problem discussed_at_the_
  2.Cubist artists painted objects and people, with different aspects of the object or person showing at the same time.
  在描绘物体或人物的时候,立体派画家会同时展现描绘对象的多个不同侧面。 with复合结构作状语。 He soon fell asleep with_the_light_still_burning.
  3.Qi Baishi (1863-1957), one of China’s greatest painters, followed the traditional Chinese style of painting.
  齐白石(1863~1957)是中国最伟大的画家之一,遵循了中国传统的绘画风格。 名词短语作同位语。 Mr. Smith, our_new_English_teacher,_is very kind to us.
  4.It’s by a Chinese artist, isn’t it?
  它是由一位中国画家画的,不是吗? 反意疑问句。 He didn’t pass the English exam, did_he?
  Module 4 Fine Arts Western Chinese and Pop ArtsSection Ⅲ Grammar 动词-ing形式和动词不定式作宾语及动词-ing形式作主语
  ①Pop art aimed to show ordinary twentieth-century city life.
  ②Instead, a picture should attemptto show the “life” of its subject.
  ③We plan to buymore paintings this year.
  ④I can get tired oflooking at pictures all the time.
  ⑤My parents are fond of going to art galleries.
  ⑥She is looking forward to starting art classes at her new school.
  ⑦Paintingis difficult for me.
  ⑧Learning to paint welltakes a long time.
  (1)下列动词只能用动词-ing形式作宾语:admit (承认), appreciate (欣赏), consider (考虑), mention (提及), delay (耽误), enjoy (喜欢), finish (完成), imagine (想象), miss (错过), practise (练习), resist (抵抗), risk (冒险), advise/suggest (建议), mind (介意), avoid (避免), allow (允许)
  I’m considering going abroad for further study.
  We shouldavoid makingthe same mistake.
  He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk losing the good opportunity.
  (2)英语中有些动词短语也常跟动词-ing作宾语。常见的有:be good at (擅长), be fond of (喜欢), be worth (值), devote to (致力于), feel like (想要), give up (放弃), have trouble/difficulty (in) (做某事有困难), look forward to (期望), pay attention to (注意), put off (推迟), be/get used to (习惯于), insist on (坚持)等。
  I’m looking forward to hearing from you.
  He has got used to living in the countryside.
  建议考虑坚持练,(suggest, advise, consider, insist on, practise)
  允许想象弃冒险,(permit, allow, imagine, give up, risk)
  阻止抵抗否逃脱,(prevent, resist, deny, escape)
  不禁介意保持完,(can’t help, mind, keep, finish)
  耽误推迟求原谅,(delay, put off, require, forgive, excuse)
  承认错过欣喜欢。(admit, miss, appreciate, enjoy)
  (1)不定式作宾语时,往往跟在某些及物动词后面,常见的有:agree (同意), offer (提出), intend/plan (打算,计划), demand (要求), promise (答应), help (帮忙), prepare (准备), decide (决定), refuse (拒绝), choose (选择), wish/hope/want/expec